The human skeleton is an internal structure of the human body. It is made up of around 270 bones at birth this total drops to about 206 bones by adulthood afterward some bones get fused.
The human skeleton is further distributed into
The axial skeleton is made by the
The appendicular skeleton that is attached to the axial skeleton is formed by
The human skeleton accomplishes six major functions;
The skeleton is responsible for the framework which supports the whole body and maintains its exact shape.
The joints amongst bones permit movement, some permitting a broader range of movement than others, e.g. the ball and socket joint permits a better range of movement than pivot joint which is present at the neck.
Movement is driven by skeletal muscles, which are combined to the skeleton at numerous sites on bones.
Muscles, joints, and bones provide the main mechanism for movement, all these are synchronized by the nervous system
The skeleton assistances to defend our many vital inner organs from being injured.
The skeleton is the place of hematopoiesis, the formation of blood cells that occur in the bone marrow.
In kids, hematopoiesis occurs chiefly in the bone marrow of the long bones such as the tibia and femur
Ingrown person, it happens chiefly in the cranium, pelvis, vertebrae, and sternum
The bone matrix also able to store calcium and is involved in calcium metabolism
Bone marrow can store iron in ferritin and is involved in iron metabolism.
Bone cells discharge a hormone called osteocalcin, which involved the regulation of blood sugar and fat deposition.
Osteocalcin upsurges both insulin secretion and sensitivity, in addition to increasing the amount of insulin-producing cells and decreasing stores of fat.
The human skeleton stands not like sexually dimorphic like many extra primate species, but delicate differences among sexes found in
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Nearly every bone in your body is composed of similar materials:
It’s a tinny, dense membrane that encloses nerves and blood vessels that nurture the bone.
This part is very smooth and hard. It’s the portion you see when you look at a skeleton.
In numerous bones, the cancellous bone protects the deepest part of the bone, the bone marrow.
Bone marrow is kind of like a thick jelly, and its occupation is to create blood cells
There are numerous skeletal disorders. A Single of the most common disorder is osteoporosis.
A side-to-side arc in the back or spine. This disorder is most ostensible during puberty and is best common with females.
It is a disorder of bone
It is a disorder of joint
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