Categories: disorders

Coronavirus Outbreak , Prevention and Risks


Coronavirus is a huge family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. It is a Middle East Respiratory Syndrome and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. A novel coronavirus is a fresh strain that has not been earlier recognized in the human being.

Coronavirus is zoonotic that means “they are transferred between the animals and individuals.  The thorough examinations show that SARS-CoV was transferred from the cats to the humans and the MERS-CoV transmitted from the camels to the humans. Numerous well-known coronaviruses are flowing in animals that have not yet infected the individuals.

Signs and symptoms

The common signs of infection are

  • Respiratory symptoms
  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Breathing problems

In severe cases, the infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, renal failure and eventually death.

The outbreak of coronavirus infection

The scientists are progressively worried about a novel virus that has infected thousands of individuals and it killed hundreds of individuals. This novel virus is a coronavirus and belongs to a similar family as the virus that affects the severe acute respiratory syndrome. It causes a breathing illness and that can be spread from one person to another person, and arose in the Chinese city of Wuhan in December 2019.

The latest news on the outbreak

A large number of the people worldwide infected with this coronavirus and the cases have passed 30,000 and the majority of the cases are reported in China. The Chinese health authorities have reported on the 7th of February that 31,161 people contracted this infection in China and more than 630 people died. The countries with the furthermost other cases reported include Singapore, Thailand, and Japan. The Researchers of the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, are envisioning the global infection numbers in real-time.

Information for Travelers

It is recommended to all travelers across the world to avoid all the nonessential travel to the People’s Republic of China (this does not include Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan).

Recommendations in coronavirus

Minimize chances for the exposure

Adherence to the standard precautions including hand washing, eye protection, respiratory protection, use of gowns and gloves

Manage the visitor access and movement inside the facility

Monitoring and managing the illness and exposed Healthcare Personnel

Training and education of the Healthcare Personnel

The implementation of environmental infection control

Establishment of Reporting the cases within the healthcare institutions and to the Public Health Authorities.


The regular commendations for the prevention of the infection are

  • Regular washing of hand
  • The covering of mouth and nose while coughing and sneezing
  • The carefully cooking of meat and eggs.
  • Avoid close contact with any person showing the signs and symptoms of respiratory disease such as coughing and sneezing.

Basic preventive steps in coronavirus

The people with the confirmed or the suspected coronavirus infection should follow the measures to avoid its spread. If the patient does not need to be hospitalized and can be isolated at home, then the patient should keep an eye on the prevention steps.

Stay home

The patient should stay at home and just go out to get medical care. So, he should restrict daily life activities like going outside the home. He does not go to the workplace, university, or public zones. Also, he does not use public transport and taxi.

Separate himself from others

The patient should separate himself from the other people living in your home or outside as much as possible. The person should stay in his specific room and should use separate bathrooms and towels.

Call your doctor before visiting him

If the patients have a medical appointment, then he should call the healthcare worker and tell him that you may have coronavirus infection. This will help your healthcare workers to take the essential precautions to keep the other people from getting infected or exposed.

Use a facemask

The patient should wear a facemask especially when he is around the other people (e.g., sharing a room or vehicle) and before you enter a healthcare provider’s office. If you are not capable to wear a facemask for example, because it causes trouble in breathing, then the people who live with him should not stay in a similar room with you or they should wear a facial mask if they enter your room.

Cover your coughs and sneezes

The patient should cover the mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw used tissues in a lined trash can and wash your hands with the soap and water for at least 25 seconds. If the soap and water are not accessible, then immediately clean the hands with an alcohol-based hand antiseptic that covers at least 70% alcohol that covering all the surfaces of your fingers and rubbing them together until they feel desiccated. Soap and water should be used preferentially if hands are visibly dirty.

Clean your hands

Wash your hand often with cleanser and H2O for at least 25 seconds. If the cleanser and water are not accessible, clean your fingers with an alcohol-based hand antiseptic that contains at least 70% alcohol, covering all the surfaces of your hands and rubbing them together until they feel dry. Cleanser and H2O should be used differently if hands are visibly dull. Avoid tendering your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.

Avoid sharing personal household items

You should not share drinking glasses or bedding with other people in your home. They should be washed thoroughly with soap and water.

Monitor your symptoms

Strive for quick health attention if your disease is deteriorating. Before looking for care, call your healthcare worker and tell them that you have, or are being assessed for infection. Put on a face pack before you enter the facility. These phases will help healthcare providers to keep other persons from getting infected or exposed. Ask your healthcare provider to call the local or state health department. Peoples who are placed under active monitoring or enabled self-monitoring should follow the information provided by their native health section or occupational health specialists.

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