Categories: Neonates & Pediatrics

Equipment Used in the NICU for Babies

Equipment: Used in the NICU

Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) have compound equipment and devices for the exclusive needs of little babies. The NICU may be overwhelming to a novel parent.

Some of the equipment that are frequently used in the NICU comprises:

  • Cardiorespiratory monitor

This heart monitor shows the heart and breathing rate as well as the pattern of the baby on a screen. The wires of the monitor are attached to adhesive patches on the chest and abdomen skin of the baby.

A temperature probe is placed on the skin of the baby with the help of an adhesive patch. A wire attaches the temperature probe to the overhead warmer or incubator in order to regulate the heat needed for keeping the body of the baby warm.

  • X-ray

The use of portable X-ray machines is mandatory in NICU.  It may be brought to the bedside of the baby in the NICU. X-rays use invisible electromagnetic energy beams to yield pictures of internal tissues, organs as well as bones on film.

X-rays are done for many issues including

  1. Checking the location of catheters and other tubes.
  2. Looking for signs of lung problems, such as respiratory distress syndrome or pneumothorax.
  3. Checking for signs of bowel problems.
  • Blood pressure monitor

Blood pressure is measured by a small cuff positioned around the upper arm or maybe leg of the baby. Occasionally, the blood pressure screen pumps up the cuff and measures the level of the blood pressure.

Few babies need the continuous monitoring of the blood pressure. This can be done using a catheter or a small tube in one of the arteries of the baby.

  • Pulse oximeter

This pulse oximeter machine measures the amount of oxygen in the blood of the baby through the skin. A small light is videotaped to the foot or hand of the baby. Normally a wire attaches the light to the video display unit where it displays the oxygen saturation “sat.” This mentions the amount of hemoglobin (hb) in the red blood cells of the baby that is saturated with oxygen.

  • CT scan

A CT scan is an analytic imaging technique that usages a combination of X-rays and computer skill to produce

  1. Horizontal image
  2. Axial image

A CT scan displays thorough images of any portion of the body, including

  1. the bones
  2. muscles
  3. fat
  4. organs

CT scans are more comprehensive than general X-rays. CT scans are at times done to evaluate bleeding inside the head of the baby. A CT scan is performed in a special room and the babies may require a sedative medicine so that they will be stationary for the examination.

  • MRI

This is a process that uses a large magnet, radio waves, and a computer to make thorough images of organs and other tissues in the body.

MRI is done in a special room of the clinic. It is frequently done to observe

  1. Brain stem
  2. Spinal cord
  3. Soft tissues.

The babies require a sedative medication so that they will lie motionless for the test.

  • Endotracheal tube (ET)

This ET tube is located through the mouth or nose of the baby into the trachea i.e. windpipe. The ET tube is seized in place with distinct tape and attaches to a mechanical ventilator with flexible tubing. A mechanical ventilator is a breathing machine.

An X-ray is used to check the placement of the tube. When a babies have an endotracheal tube, they will not able to make sounds or cry.

  • Respirator or mechanical ventilator

This ventilator machine is an equipment used in NICU to helps all the babies who are unable to breathe on their own or who need help taking better breaths. A high frequency ventilators provide the baby a hundred of very rapid puffs of air to help keep the airways open. These ventilators may also give an additional oxygen to the baby.

  • Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)

Through small tubes that can fit into the nostrils of the tiny babies, called the nasal CPAP. This CPAP machine pushes a constant flow of air to the airways to help in keeping the small passages of air in the lungs open. CPAP may provide the additional oxygen as well. It may also provide by the ET tube.

  • Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)

This is an exceptional treatment for babies with respiratory disease that does not answer back to maximum medical care. With ECMO, the blood from the vein of the baby is pumped through an artificial lung where oxygen is added and carbon dioxide is removed. The blood is then returned back to the baby. ECMO is only used in particular NICU.

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