Gastritis is an inflammation of the protective lining of the stomach. Acute gastritis includes unexpected and severe swelling/inflammation. Chronic gastritis includes the long-term inflammation that may remain for many years if it is not treated or treated improperly.
The signs and symptoms may vary from one individual to another but most common signs and symptoms are the following:
However, gastritis is actually the inflammation of the protective lining of the stomach. The weaknesses or damage to the mucus-lined barrier that guards the stomach wall permits our digestive juices to harm and inflame the lining of the stomach.
Multiple illnesses and conditions may increase the risk of this disease, including Crohn’s disease and sarcoidosis. Gastritis can be due to irritation because of extreme alcohol use, chronic vomiting, anxiety, or the use of many medicines such as aspirin or anti-inflammatory medications. It can also be caused due to the following:
A bacteria that is present in the lining of the stomach and without treatment, this infection may lead to ulcers and stomach cancer.
Factors that may increase the risk include:
To diagnose gastritis, the physicians will analyze the personal and family medical history and perform a comprehensive physical assessment, and may suggest the following tests:
The treatment for gastritis can be determined by the cause. If you have gastritis due to the chronic use of NSAIDs or any other medications, avoiding these medicines may be sufficient to release the symptoms. This disease may be due to the H. pylori is normally cured with antibiotics that are helpful to destroy the bacteria.
However, there are several other types of medicine are used for the treatment.
These are the inhibitors that work by blocking cells that produce stomach acid. The most commonly used proton pump inhibitors are:
However, the chronic use of these medicines, particularly at very high doses, may lead to a high risk of spine, wrist fractures, and renal failure.
These are the medications that diminish the amount of acid-producing in the stomach:
The use of antacids for the quick relief of stomach pain associated with gastritis. These medicines can counterbalance the acid in your stomach.
Some antacids may also cause diarrhea or constipation. So, talk to the specialist in case of any of these side effects.
If not treated well or proper, gastritis may lead to
Rarely, some forms of chronic gastritis may increase the danger of
It is not obvious how H. pylori spread, but there is some data that could be spread from one person to another person or through dirty food and water. One can take multiple steps in order to defend himself from any infections, such as H. pylori, by regularly washing the hands with good quality soap and water and by eating hygienic nutriments that have been heated or cooked completely.
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