Categories: disorders

Gastritis: Causes, Risk factors, Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention

What is Gastritis?

Gastritis is an inflammation of the protective lining of the stomach. Acute gastritis includes unexpected and severe swelling/inflammation. Chronic gastritis includes the long-term inflammation that may remain for many years if it is not treated or treated improperly.

  • In some cases, it may cause ulcers and stomach cancer. For most people, however, it is not a serious problem and recovers rapidly with the management.
  • Erosive gastritis is the least common form of the illness. However, it normally does not cause severe inflammation, but may lead to the bleeding and ulcers in the stomach protective lining.

What are the symptoms of gastritis?

The signs and symptoms  may vary from one individual to another but most common signs and symptoms are the following:

  • Nausea
  • Upset stomach
  • Bloating
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Indigestion
  • Burning sensation in the stomach
  • Hiccups
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Black, tarry stools
  • Feeling of fullness after eating

What are the causes of gastritis?

However, gastritis is actually the inflammation of the protective lining of the stomach. The weaknesses or damage to the mucus-lined barrier that guards the stomach wall permits our digestive juices to harm and inflame the lining of the stomach.

Multiple illnesses and conditions may increase the risk of this disease, including Crohn’s disease and sarcoidosis. Gastritis can be due to irritation because of extreme alcohol use, chronic vomiting, anxiety, or the use of many medicines such as aspirin or anti-inflammatory medications. It can also be caused due to the following:

  • Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)

A bacteria that is present in the lining of the stomach and without treatment, this infection may lead to ulcers and stomach cancer.

  • Bile reflux
  • Infections

Risk factors

Factors that may increase the risk include:

  • Bacterial infection
  • Regular use of pain relievers
  • Older age
  • Excessive alcohol use
  • Stress
  • Other diseases and conditions

How is gastritis Diagnosed?

To diagnose gastritis, the physicians will analyze the personal and family medical history and perform a comprehensive physical assessment, and may suggest the following tests:

  • Upper endoscopy
  • Blood tests
  • Fecal occult blood test (stool test)

How is gastritis treated?

The treatment for gastritis can be determined by the cause. If you have gastritis due to the chronic use of NSAIDs or any other medications, avoiding these medicines may be sufficient to release the symptoms. This disease may be due to the H. pylori is normally cured with antibiotics that are helpful to destroy the bacteria.

However, there are several other types of medicine are used for the treatment.

Proton pump inhibitors

These are the inhibitors that work by blocking cells that produce stomach acid. The most commonly used proton pump inhibitors are:

  • Omeprazole
  • Lansoprazole
  • Esomeprazole

However, the chronic use of these medicines, particularly at very high doses, may lead to a high risk of spine, wrist fractures, and renal failure.

H2 receptor antagonist

These are the medications that diminish the amount of acid-producing in the stomach:

  • Ranitidine
  • Famotidine


The use of antacids for the quick relief of stomach pain associated with gastritis. These medicines can counterbalance the acid in your stomach.

Some antacids may also cause diarrhea or constipation. So, talk to the specialist in case of any of these side effects.


If not treated well or proper, gastritis may lead to

  • Stomach ulcers
  • Stomach bleeding.

Rarely, some forms of chronic gastritis may increase the danger of

  • Stomach cancer


Preventing H. pylori infection for gastritis

It is not obvious how H. pylori spread, but there is some data that could be spread from one person to another person or through dirty food and water. One can take multiple steps in order to defend himself from any infections, such as H. pylori, by regularly washing the hands with good quality soap and water and by eating hygienic nutriments that have been heated or cooked completely.

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