Categories: disorders

Stress: An Alarming Situation For An Individual

Overview of stress

Stress is the responding way of our body to any type of demand or danger. When the person feels danger (real or imaginary). Then the defense system of the human body kicks into high gear in a fast, involuntary process known as “fight-or-flight” reaction or the “stress response.” All people feel tensed sometimes but what one individual finds it maybe not the same from what another finds.

This is actually a typical biological response to a possibly hazardous situation. When an individual runs into abrupt tension, the human brain floods the body with certain chemicals and hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol. In case of danger, the hypothalamus show reaction and send nerve and signals to the adrenal glands. The adrenal glands release a large number of hormones. These hormones (i.e. adrenaline) are useful and helpful in facing the danger, thus, increases the survival rate. The epinephrine (fight-or-flight hormone) works to

  • increase heartbeat
  • increase breathing rate
  • contract blood vessels
  • stimulate perspiration
  • prevent insulin production

Stress and cortisol

The cortisol is the primary hormone and it plays a crucial part in stressful conditions. The following are its roles in the human body.

  • Increasing the quantity of glucose in the blood.
  • Facilitating the brain to use glucose more efficiently.
  • Increasing the accessibility of ingredients that helps in the healing process of tissue.
  • It helps in modifying the response of the immune system.
  • Damp down the reproductive and growth system.
  • Affecting the zones of the brain that regulate fear, motivation, and mood.

Side effects of cortisol

If the cortisol levels are high for a long time, then it has a bad influence on human health. Following are the side effects:

  • Weight gain
  • Hypertension
  • Sleep problems
  • Weakness
  • Diabetes
  • Joints problems
  • Mental cloudiness, which is also known as brain fog
  • Memory issues
  • Bad mood


The basic causes are

  • chronic diseases
  • enduring a life-threatening calamity
  • being the victim of a criminality
  • Having an abusive relationship
  • unhappy marriage
  • divorce
  • child custody matters
  • living in poverty
  • job issues or retirement
  • lack of time or money
  • grief
  • family problems


The symptoms may be physical and psychological. The individuals may experience following symptoms.

  • Insomnia
  • Lower sex energy
  • Gastric problems
  • Eating too abundant or too slight
  • Trouble in concentration
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Irritation
  • Overwhelming
  • Fear
  • Acne
  • Headache
  • Frequent sickness and chronic pain
  • Depression
  • Tachycardia
  • Sweating


There are three different types that require proper supervision.

  • Acute stress
  • Episodic acute stress
  • Chronic stress

Acute stress

This is a short-term and most common type. This type is frequently caused by overthinking the pressures of events that are freshly occurred or happens in the near future. However, this type of stress can be overcome and treated easily, when the issues related to the person are resolved. It does not cause severe damage to the person while long term disease can do.

Symptoms of acute stress

The symptoms of this disease are minor as compared to chronic stress.

  • Headache
  • GI problems

Episodic acute stress

Those people who are commonly experiencing acute problems and whose survives present recurrent triggers of stress have episodic acute stress. A lot of commitments and poor organization in-person life may show episodic stress symptoms. The irritability, too many worries and tense situations on a constant basis in life may affect the relationship of an individual.

Complications of episodic acute stress

  • High blood pressure
  • Heart disease.

Chronic stress

This is the most destructive type and disturbs the human life for a longer period.

Reasons for chronic stress

  • Ongoing poverty
  • Family clashes
  • Unhappy marriage
  • Early traumatic experience

Complications of chronic stress

People who are experiencing chronic issues of this disease more likely to have a final breakdown that can lead to

  • suicide
  • violent actions
  • heart attacks
  • strokes


The diagnosis of this disease is a complicated process. In this case, the physician may ask the patient about symptoms and life experiences. Diagnosis can be done by the questionnaires, biochemical and physiological methods. The straightest method to diagnose the stress and its sound effects on a person is done by an inclusive, stress-oriented and face-to-face in-depth interviews.

Alarming signs of stress

A chronic disease may be leading to a diversity of physical symptoms, including the following

  • Dizziness
  • General aches
  • Grinding teeth
  • Clenched jaw
  • Headaches
  • Tiredness
  • Exhaustion
  • Trembling or shaking of hands and feet
  • Weight gain or loss.
  • Upset stomach having cramping and severe diarrhea
  • Indigestion
  • Acid reflux symptoms
  • loss of appetite
  • Trouble in sleeping
  • Tachycardia
  • Sweaty palms.
  • Cold palms and feet
  • Sexual abnormalities


The treatment comprises of self-care and certain medications. The aromatherapy or reflexology are the therapies that may support to bring relaxation.


For underlying diseases such as depression or anxiety, the physicians may prescribe medicines for handling the stress otherwise they generally not prescribe the medicines for coping with the simple stress. The antidepressants are usually prescribing in these cases.

Management of stress

Here are some simple and beneficial tips for the management of this disease.

  1. Massage
  2. Yoga
  3. Listening to music
  4. Exercise ( walking)
  5. Reducing the intake of alcohol
  6. Good nutrition (Balanced diet)
  7. Beneficial free time activities for mind relaxation
  8. Breathing and meditation
  9. Talking to family, friends and work colleagues
  10. Noticing the symptoms associated with this disease
  11. Joining a choir or a gym helps some people
  12. Joining a club, charity, or religious organization.
  13. By joining the stress management training or class (talk to a psychotherapist)
  14. Keep a positive attitude
  15. Don’t be aggressive
  16. Avoid the excessive tension in your life
  17. Get enough rest and sleep
  18. Don’t rely on alcohol and drugs to overcome the tension

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